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Piezokeramika European piezo ceramics
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Piezokeramika Theory
Applications
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European piezo ceramic is a global manufacturer and supplier of high quality piezoelectric ceramics and piezoelectric products for customers in a wide range of industries:

  • aerospace,
  • automotive,
  • consumer,
  • engineering and design,
  • industrial,
  • manufacturing,
  • medical products,
  • military, and others.
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Our company can be found in Czech republic, Librice 115, 503 44 Librice.

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Applications

A piezoelectric system can be constructed for virtually any application for which any other type of electromechanical transducer can be used. For any particular application, however, limiting factors include the size, weight, and cost of the system. Piezoceramic devices fit into four general categories: generators, sensors, actuators, and transducers. Characteristics of each group are briefly summarized here.

Generators

Piezoelectric ceramics can generate voltages sufficient to spark across an electrode gap, and thus can be used as ignitors in fuel lighters, gas stoves, welding equipment, and other such apparatus. Piezoelectric ignition systems are small and simple -- distinct advantages relative to alternative systems that include permanent magnets or high voltage transformers and capacitors.

Alternatively, the electrical energy generated by a piezoelectric element can be stored. Techniques used to make multilayer capacitors have been used to construct multilayer piezoelectric generators. Such generators are excellent solid state batteries for electronic circuits.

Sensors

A sensor converts a physical parameter, such as acceleration or pressure, into an electrical signal. In some sensors the physical parameter acts directly on the piezoelectric element; in other devices an acoustical signal establishes vibrations in the element and the vibrations are, in turn, converted into an electrical signal. Often, the system provides a visual, audible, or physical response to the input from the sensor -- automobile seatbelts lock in response to a rapid deceleration, for example.

Actuators

A piezoelectric actuator converts an electrical signal into a precisely controlled physical displacement, to finely adjust precision machining tools, lenses, or mirrors. Piezoelectric actuators also are used to control hydraulic valves, act as small-volume pumps or special-purpose motors, and in other applications. Piezoelectric motors are unaffected by energy efficiency losses that limit the miniaturization of electromagnetic motors, and have been constructed to sizes of less than 1 cm3. A potentially important additional advantage to piezoelectric motors is the absence of electromagnetic noise.

Alternatively, if physical displacement is prevented, an actuator will develop a useable force.

Transducers

Piezoelectric transducers convert electrical energy into vibrational mechanical energy, often sound or ultrasound, that is used to perform a task.
Piezoelectric transducers that generate audible sounds afford significant advantages, relative to alternative electromagnetic devices -- they are compact, simple, and highly reliable, and minimal energy can produce a high level of sound. These characteristics are ideally matched to the needs of battery-powered equipment.

Because the piezoelectric effect is reversible, a transducer can both generate an ultrasound signal from electrical energy and convert incoming sound into an electrical signal. Some devices designed for measuring distances, flow rates, or fluid levels incorporate a single piezoelectric transducer in the signal sending and receiving roles, other designs incorporate two transducers and separate these roles.

Piezoelectric transducers also are used to generate ultrasonic vibrations for cleaning, atomizing liquids, drilling or milling ceramics or other difficult materials, welding plastics, medical diagnostics, or for other purposes.


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